Monday, May 25, 2020
Essential elements of the Christian worldview are Faith, Love, Forgiveness and Living in Christ. These key elements are fundamental to ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings and also reflect my own worldview. These four elements are an integral part of a Christian believerÃ¢â¬â¢s life and defines our relationship with God. The fourth element, Living in Christ, is comprised of many sub-elements like praise, prayer, and bearing witness. These sub-elements could be described as fruits of a ChristianÃ¢â¬â¢s believerÃ¢â¬â¢s daily life. Too much of the Christian worldviewÃ¢â¬â¢s attention is focused on reconciling the Bible with science and archaeological discoveries when it should be focused on redemption. The theme of the Bible could be summarized into four categories Creation,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦God created man in His own image. Some traces of God s characteristics can be seen in mankind such as love, kindness, compassion and justice. Humanity The Bible says that man, made in the image of God, is also spirit. It is manÃ¢â¬â¢s spirit that communes with the Holy Spirit. God also gave man a free will which allows man to love God willingly. Man created in the image of God has remnants of his character which includes the capability to love, a reason of a high level, and communicate with God. Man was also created with a sense of justice and morality. However, sin also resides in our nature and led to the fall of Adam and Eve. The purpose of man is to praise and worship God, proclaim his glory, and to accomplish his will.Ã¢â¬ ¦ And whom I have created for My glory, Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Isaiah 43:7 New International Version). God created all things in harmony. He established a perfect creation that he loves and over which he rules. The highest honor is given to mankind as the only part of creation made in GodÃ¢â¬â¢s image. Humanity was created to love as God loves, to worship and praise his glory and commune with him as he does with us. However, much of humanity is overly concerned with their own self-serving, self-centered agenda which is a form of idolatry. Many individuals worship whatever their life is ordered around, failing to see it in the light of the glory of God. Humanity relentlessly departs from the path God had intended for them. TrueShow MoreRelatedMain Components Of The Christian Worldview1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGospel Essentials A worldview is the way a person views and interprets the world around them. Life experiences and spiritual influences play a part in forming oneÃ¢â¬â¢s worldview. A personÃ¢â¬â¢s worldview helps them to determine beliefs on creation, humanity, morals and what happens after death. According to Waddell, (2014) Ã¢â¬Å"Worldviews are also like lenses found in eyeglasses that serve as the means through which a person sees the world.Ã¢â¬ (para. 43) In this paper, the main components of the Christian worldviewRead MoreThe Christian Worldview And What Impacts Those Beliefs Have On My Own Worldview1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare many essential elements of the Christian worldview. God is the largest element due to His place as the foundation of the power and influence. God created humanity and allowed for their fall. He positioned Jesus Christ to save humanity from itself, satisfy divine judgment, and to reconcile their relationship with God. This paper will explain how each component is essential to the Christian worldview and what impacts those beliefs have on my own worldview. God The Christian worldview revolvesRead MoreMy World View906 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis these very beliefs that define and constitute a persons worldview; the central system that ones uses to explain life and all its components. Each individuals worldview is composed of their core beliefs and helps bring order and understanding to a wide range of experiences that they will encounter throughout their existence. Although each individual holds their own worldview, each and every worldview is composed of essential elements that help mold his or hers moral convictions and their perspectiveRead MoreThe Main Elements Of A Christian Worldview1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Christian worldview, as described in the chapter and assigned readings in this course are likened to that of eyeglass lenses to which a Christian views the world. From such a perspective, such a view greatly influences oneÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and choices made in his or her daily life. This is the very core of wisdom that conn ects the comprehensive understanding with application of such knowledge (DiVincenzo, A. (Ed.) (2014)). This paper will relate the fundamental elements of a Christian worldview toRead MoreThe Important Elements Of The Christian Worldview And Specific Topics Essay1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGospel Essentials This paper will focus on the important elements of the Christian worldview and specific topics. The paper will go into more detail on the topics that will be discussed in the paper. In the paper there will also be analysis and reflection from my own personal worldview as well. The main focus of this paper will be on God, humanity, Jesus, and restoration by analyzing and reflecting on each of the different topic. The Christian Worldview God God is the almighty creator who createdRead MoreChristian Philosophy Versus Christian Worldview1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Human perspective differs and leads to diverse worldviews. Several factors contribute to the creation of worldviews; the environment, experiences and most importantly the education that a human is exposed to. The question is often asked if there is such a thing as a write or wrong worldview, since it can consist of religious beliefs, political connections, and subjective opinions on life, love, family and friendship. These worldviews create philosophical questions regarding how society trulyRead MoreThe Importance Of Biblical Faith And General Human Wisdom1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfailure to recognize that biblical faith and general human wisdom are not identical (Stassen et al. 1996, 36). One could contend that the implication of the statement is that they are likewise not mutually exclusive. Faith and wisdom work hand in hand. Faith is a radical trust in the sovereignty and goodness of God. (Boa, 250) God is in control and has one s best interest at heart. Ã£â¬â¬Ã£â¬â¬Ã£â¬â¬Ã£â¬â¬One might also maintain the truth of biblical teaching, and yet affirm elements of God s wisdom variously presentRead MoreComparing Different Worldviews And Their Effect On Society1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBefore comparing and contrasting different worldviews and their effect on society, it is important for us to understand what we are studying. What is a worldview? A worldview can be defined by many different definitions. But broadly, it is a way through which you see and interpret the world and the things around you. It is a mental mode of reality from which we develop ideas and theories about the world. It answers questions: What are humans? Why are we here? What is our purpose? What are your valuesRead MoreThe Is Not A Perfect Understanding Of God1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe writings of the Bible, as well as other spiritually uplifting documents, articles, and books, we as Christians have developed a testimony of sorts to the fact that there is indeed a God and that he knows each of us personally. We believe that he loves us, and he wants what is best for us. Once an individual has come to the conclusion that God truly does exist, it would then become essential to learn more about that God, what he is like, why he created this world and everything in it includingRead MoreThe Bible Presents A Text Record Of God870 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBenchmark Assignment: Gospel Essentials The Bible presents a text record of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s work which is central and important to the Christian faith. This work begins with Creation of all with the familiar line,Ã¢â¬ In the beginningÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ in the Book of Genesis. Christians believe in the deity of Jesus Christ, The Resurrection of Christ, and the Holy Trinity. The Holy Trinity consisting of God in three persons: God the Father, Jesus the Son of God and the Holy Spirit. These three aspects combined are first-order
Friday, May 15, 2020
U.S. Ã¢â¬â Cuba Relations: A Discussion of Constructivism and Realism During the Cold War, relations between Cuba and the United States were icy. Cuba was allied with the USSR, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s enemy, and was well within their sphere of influence. With events like the failed Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis happening on their soil, Cuba was at the center of the Cold War. Between ideological differences and their alliance with Russia, Cuba became an enemy of America as well. It took the efforts of ten American presidents, six Popes, and countless other actors, but Cuba and America are finally in the process of normalizing relations. There is still work to be done, but the path is clear and the time is right. However, one cannot simply ignore the last fifty years. In that time, millions of lives were affected by the lack of social, economic, and political ties between the U.S. and Cuba. In this paper, I will analyze the last fifty years of U.S. - Cuban relations by looking at the involved actors, their means, and their values and intere sts through the lenses of two paradigms, realism and constructivism. Constructivism can best be understood as a focus on the social context and landscape in which international relations occur. As a lens of understanding, constructivism emphasizes issues of identity and belief. This lens is especially helpful in understanding relations between America and Cuba. America is a state that stands strongly for democracy and its goal in manyShow MoreRelatedThe Constructivist Challenge And Traditional Understandings Of International Relations3010 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesTraditional Understandings of International Relations. Introduction This essay will discuss the constructivist challenge to traditional understandings of international relations, focussing on critiquing the structuralist international theoriesÃ¢â¬â¢ ontological assumption of an anarchical international sphere, the necessary rationalist implications of state-behaviour, and their reliance on a neo-positivist methodology. I will begin by describing structural-realism, emphasising its theoretical assumptionsRead MorePolitical Risk Management and Insurance: A Contextual Comparison12751 Words Ã |Ã 51 Pages_Toc339812566 h 3 HYPERLINK l _Toc339812567Significance of Research Study PAGEREF _Toc339812567 h 3 HYPERLINK l _Toc339812568Chapter-2 Political Risk Management PAGEREF _Toc339812568 h 4 HYPERLINK l _Toc339812569Chapter-2 Political Risk in Relation to Efficient Market Theory PAGEREF _Toc339812569 h 5 HYPERLINK l _Toc339812571Chapter-3 State Capitalism PAGEREF _Toc339812571 h 7 HYPERLINK l _Toc339812572Chapter-4 Case of Multinational PAGEREF _Toc339812572 h 8 HYPERLINK l _Toc339812574Chapter-5
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION Based on the studies today , social media has influenced students to rely on the accessibility of information that is available on the internet .The students are reduced on focusing on their learning as well as on retaining the information. In the Philippines the quality of education is getting low because of the short period of education ,so thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why the K to12 became was born. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepareÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A year after its launch , Friendster boasted more than three million registered users and a ton of investment interest. More than tripling that number according to recent estimates is Myspace also launched in 2003 . Though it no longer resides upon the social networking throne in many English speaking countries-that honor now belongs to Facebook in places like Canada and the UK . Facebook now leads the global social networking pack . Founded like many social networking sites , by university students who initially peddled their produc t to other university students , Facebook launched in 2004 as a Harvard-only exercise and remained a campus-oriented site for two full years before finally opening to the general public in 2006.Yet even by that time Facebook was seriously big business tens of millions of dollars already invested and Silicon Valley bigwigs such as billionaire PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel firmly behind it. The rise of internet literacy of users and the trend of Social network have presented enormous challenges for schools to improve outcomes and extend access to a broad range of students . The web represents a paradigm shift in education and signifies on evolving change in learning style where information is shared with a wider community According to Boid and Ellison on their study entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Social Network Sites definition,Show MoreRelatedThe Effect of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of Students2842 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ A STUDY ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES TO A STUDENTÃ¢â¬â¢S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Kurt Jonas L. Adonis Errol A. Buenaventura Researchers Mrs. Marilyn S. Roque Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School December 2013 Acknowledgement We would like to acknowledge our former teacher in research Mrs. Kathyryn Alvarez for teaching us the basics of research. Without her, we would not know anything about research. We would also like to acknowledge our current teacherRead MoreA Look Out for Academic Impacts of Social Networking Sites (Snss): a Student Based Perspective6793 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pages5897/AJBM11.595 ISSN 1993-8233 Ã ©2011 Academic Journals Full Length Research Paper A look out for academic impacts of Social networking sites (SNSs): A student based perspective Ishfaq Ahmed* and Tehmina Fiaz Qazi Hailey College of Commerce, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Accepted 20 April, 2011 This study implies the exploration of relationship between SNSs usage and educational performance of the student users. A sample of one thousand students was selected from different universitiesRead MoreHow Facebook Affects Students3860 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesHow Facebook Affects One Academic Performance How Facebook affects oneÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance I. INTRODUCTION Facebook are currently being used regularly by millions of people. The use of these networking sites has been widespread that they have not only caught the attention ofÃ academic researchers worldwide but also us, in particular. Social networking sites are now being investigated by numerous social science researchers and an increasing number ofÃ academic commentators are becoming more andRead MoreThe Influence of Social Networking and Study Habit on Academic Performance3500 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesTHE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING AND READING HABIT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES EKWERIKE ONYEDIKA 090651012 LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY, OJO (JULY, 2012) ABSTRACT This paper discusses in details the Research proposal on the influence of social networking and reading habits among university undergraduates. In particular the research will focus on the question Ã¢â¬Å"does social networking and reading habits affects the academic performance of university undergraduates? If it doesRead MoreTeenage Struggle4860 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagesconfined to a certain nation or country only, but rather, to the whole human population. Effects of these technologies in the fields of medicine, education, transportation, communication, economics, and warfare, to name a few, are globally observable. Information superhighway is undoubtedly one of the most developed fields. Extensive researches have been done to improve this indispensable field. Social Networking communities are here to stay. Facebook has over 500 million users, while twitter has overRead MoreEFFECT OF THE SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES ON THE STUDY HABBITS OF THE STUDENTS1840 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesEFFECT OF THE SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES ON THE STUDY HABBITS OF THE STUDENTS A Research Paper Presented to Ms. Patricia Orpilla By: Ma. Excelsis Dhea T. Arganoza Rose Ann Garcia Kamille Logo Jennifer Capillan Christine Vallejo Michelle Connie Pascual Rainer Rosales INTRODUCTION In our present generations, there a lot of technologies have been deployed to make things easier. One of them is the Social Networking Sites it is very useful in many ways, and it is easy to use by anyone apparently mostRead More The Dark Side of Facebook Essay2325 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages Today, students rely on social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram more than they rely on food to nourish their bodies. An average Facebook user wastes over 18.5 hours a month on social networking sites. It is noticeable that the more attention students are giving these social networks, the more poorly they do in school. Younger students carelessly expose all their personal information on these social networks. Also, as these sites continue to grow so does cyber bullyingRead MoreStudents and Academic Pressure1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdoctors are now finding social Websites can lead to depression. I mean a lot of drama that goes on there. And people talking bad about each other, says Bryan Forsberg, talking about online social networks. Whether its a break up, rejection, or envy, cyberspace can feel real; even causing depression. With both MySpace and Facebook, you have to request friends and then wait to be accepted. Normally, you get an email; but if it doesnt come, you can feel alone. On social Websites, the number of friendsRead MoreEffect of Social Media2847 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pages ScholarsArchive@JWU MBA Student Scholarship The Alan Shawn Feinstein Graduate School 11-1-2011 The Effects of Social Media on College Students Qingya Wang Johnson Wales University - Providence, firstname.lastname@example.org Wei Chen Johnson Wales University - Providence Yu Liang Johnson Wales University - Providence, email@example.com Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarsarchive.jwu.edu/mba_student Part of the Education Commons, and the Social and Behavioral Sciences CommonsRead MoreThe Impact of Facebook on Students Academic Performance Essay1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfamous social networking websites which has become a part of the daily routine for most college students. This has led to a question amongst researchers whether studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ use of this networking site influences their academic outcomes. This literature review will examine and synthesize the published current research concerning the impact of Facebook on college studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ academic performance. Even though most studies are inconclusive in determining the relationship between Facebook and academic performance
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Love and war are two concerns which are often regarded as societal ideals. George Bernard ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s Arms and the Man is a pleasant and humorous attack on both. Shaw uses humor as Ã¢â¬Å"a vehicle of thoughtÃ¢â¬ thus tending to Ã¢â¬Å"obscure his subtle satire on war and the genteel classes and his exploration of the romantic-realist spectrum in human dispositionÃ¢â¬ (Davis 274). These romantic ideals make up the essence of the playÃ¢â¬â¢s satirical instances and develop the theme of realism. Shaw satirizes romanticism within Arms and the Man by contrasting romantic idealism and realism. Throughout the play an underlying conflict is seen between romanticism and realism within the characters. The two men that come into RainaÃ¢â¬â¢s life are representations of this conflict. Sergius depicts the passionate, impulsive, romantic war hero, while Bluntschli characterizes the practical, strong-minded professional soldier. ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of his characters is a very important aspect of his writing. We will write a custom essay sample on Realism vs romanticism in Arms and Man or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ã¢â¬Å"He is not interested in manÃ¢â¬â¢s eternal nature but in his changeability. His characters are full of contradiction imposed on them by the environmentÃ¢â¬ (Davis 459). Change is seen in Arms and the Man with practically every character. The only static character is Bluntschli as he represents what the rest of the characters will attain by the end of the play: realism. Several instances in the play establish the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s ideals. One example exists in the first act as Raina confesses to her mother. Ã¢â¬Å"It came into my head just as he [Sergius] was holding me in his arms and looking into my eyes, that perhaps we only had our heroic ideas because we are so fond of reading Byron and Pushkin, and because we were so delighted with the opera that season at BucharestÃ¢â¬ (Shaw 7). This Ã¢â¬Å"ironic speech prepares the audience for her later self-discoveries in the playÃ¢â¬ (Gibbs 76-77). Likewise, at the end of the play as Sergius and RainaÃ¢â¬â¢s love is faltering we see SergiusÃ¢â¬â¢ lack of comprehending a life without romanticism in his confession to Raina (Gibbs 76), Ã¢â¬Å"Raina: our romance is shattered. LifeÃ¢â¬â¢s a farceÃ¢â¬ (Shaw 67). Sergius represents the romantic ideal that the society of the time agreed with. He is an officer in the Bulgarian army and on the victorious side of the battle. Since Bluntschli is a soldier in the enemy regiment, he represents the opposing idea of realism. Raina struggles with her inappropriate fascination with realistic Bluntschli when the Ã¢â¬Å"sensibleÃ¢â¬ choice is obviously Sergius. As her experiences within the play lead her away from naivete, she chooses Bluntschli against the Bulgarian society. The established plot of Arms and the Man thus becomes a contrast between romantic idealism and realism. Ã¢â¬Å"Instead of the romance of conventional fiction, it offers the romance of reality, of the discovery of true feeling their romantic intimacy increasing as her romantic attitudes are progressively discardedÃ¢â¬ (Gibbs 73). Since Raina has never experienced a man such as Bluntschli she is amazed at his behavior toward her: Raina: Do you know, you are the first man who did not take me seriously? Bluntschli: You mean, donÃ¢â¬â¢t you, that I am the first man that has ever taken you quite seriously? Raina: Yes: I suppose I do mean that. How strange it is to be talked to in such a way! (Shaw 55). In contrast to what most audiences see in Arms and the Man, Shaw does not simply negate romance. He presents Ã¢â¬Å"A rejuvenation of a typical romance structure, by attaching to well-tried dramatic situations an unconventional set of values and affirmationsÃ¢â¬ (Gibbs 73). The attraction between Bluntschli and Raina therefore exists as a romance built upon BluntschliÃ¢â¬â¢s common sense and matter-of-fact manner, as opposed to SergiusÃ¢â¬â¢ dashing heroic behaviors and impulses. In the setting of late 1800s Bulgarian society, Raina is the epitome of the hypocritical romantic figure, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, to think that it was all true! that the world is really a glorious world for women who can see its glory and men who can act its romance! What happiness! What unspeakable fulfillmentÃ¢â¬ (Shaw 8)! The romanticism she believes in is not real; indeed, it is an appealing facade. Ã¢â¬Å"Romance in ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s plays depends on reality for its basisÃ¢â¬ (Deaton 30). What develops between Raina and Bluntschli is a romance based on realism, not idealism. Raina loses her facade in the third act while talking to Bluntschli: Raina: You know, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve always gone on like that. Bluntschli: You mean the-? Raina: I mean the noble attitude and the thrilling voice. [They laugh together]. I did it when I was a tiny child to my nurse. She believed in it. I do it before my parents. They believe in it. I do it before Sergius. He believes in it I suppose, now youÃ¢â¬â¢ve found me out, you despise me. Bluntschli: No my dear young lady IÃ¢â¬â¢m your infatuated admirer (Shaw 55-56). While Raina becomes a realist when her romantic illusions deteriorate, Sergius Ã¢â¬Å"blames human nature for failing to live up to his unrealistic ideals, which he uses to screen himself from realityÃ¢â¬ (Davis 20). His idealism within the play is oblivious to realistic instincts, which accounts for his disenchantment toward Raina when she tries to approach their relationship more realistically (Davis 144). The ending of the play resolves these elements through marriage. Sergius confesses his love for Louka, who is in fact a realist with Ã¢â¬Å"romantic ambitionsÃ¢â¬ (Davis 274). Louka thus serves as a foil character for Raina who is a romantic idealist turned realist. In several of ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s plays there is a reversal of expectations, where the upsetting of a conventional idea leads to a more realistic idea (Popkin 353). This is shown in Arms and the Man as the overthrowing of romantic idealism leads to realism. ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s anti-romanticism is seen in the reversal of roles with Bluntschli and Sergius. Raina chooses the professional soldier over the ideal lover and Sergius chooses the servant girl over his affianced lover (Popkin 353). However, ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s plays do not lack passion though they mock romanticism. On the contrary, Ã¢â¬Å"ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s passionate involvement with ideas made his plays passionate and even poeticÃ¢â¬ (Popkin 353). Therefore the satire used in the play is simply a device for explaining the philosophy of realism. Most of the humor in the play is from the deflation of romantic ideals of love and war (Gibbs 69). The conception of love in Arms and the Man is free from illusion and strictly based on reality. Thus the play becomes a humorous yet accurate account of a love story. Reality serves as the underlying theme in the play. Ã¢â¬Å"Reality, as he [Shaw] truly says, being the one thing which the majority of playgoers wish to escape fromÃ¢â¬ (Deaton 30). Shaw suffices a philosopherÃ¢â¬â¢s urge to get to realities. In the process of dismissing romanticism, the play does not become empty. Instead, it shows Ã¢â¬Å"the possibilities of deeper and more meaningful forms of intimacyÃ¢â¬ (Gibbs 74). The idealization of love is destroyed in Arms and the Man and raised in its place is the philosophy of realism.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Introduction Culture refers to beliefs, values, and code of behavior upheld by a community that distinguishes that community from other communities. Organizational culture therefore refers to values, norms, principles, assumptions and patterns of behavior that distinguish one organization from another one.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Effects of Organizational Culture on Managerial Decisions specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Understanding different cultures and their influence on business performance is very important. Management on the other hand refers to the process of managing people in order to accomplish set goals and objectives using available resources in an efficient and effective manner. Management tasks involve planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling (Connolly, 2008). This essay explains the effects of organizational culture on managerial decisions and how culture can influ ence managers to make decisions. Effects of Organization Culture on Managerial Decision The effect that organizational culture has on managerial decisions depends on whether the organization has a strong or a weak culture. Organizational culture determines the decision making process as well as decision making speed. Some cultures permit all employees to participate in the decision making process. Other cultures only allow the management to make decisions. Those organizations that allow all employees to participate in decision making process, might take long to make decisions due to the lengthy process. However, such decisions are likely to be effective since they incorporate different ideas from different people (Connolly, 2008). Organizational culture determines the kind of employees that an organization will hire. The culture that exists determines who should be hired by the organization. Clear guidelines are written down to specify qualifications required for a specific job. Goo d criteria exist for recruitment, selection, promotion, lying off as well as retirement. In this case, the management has to comply with the criteria (Robbins, 2003). Organizational culture determines the level of formalization. Formalization in this case means the extent to which written rules and procedures are followed in an organization. Organizational cultures with high degree of formalization make it easy for management to regulate. This is because there is a clear outline of how one is expected to carry himself/herself out, and so the employees strictly follow rules (Robbins, 2003). Organizational culture determines the level of empowerment in an organization. Some cultures allow the low level employees to make decisions on their own whenever necessary as long as the decisions are in line with the set goals and objectives of the organization. This means that, the top management is not the only authority allowed to make decisions but also other lower level employees. However, these decisions have to be approved by the top management (Robbins, 2003).Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organizational culture may hinder change. A culture that is too rigid may hinder effective implementation of change. This is because employees may not be willing to incorporate new changes due to fears of, for instance, loosing their jobs. This means that the efforts of the top management to implement changes might not be effective (Robbins, 2003). Organizational culture determines the kind of relationship that exists within an organization. When there is good relationship between low level employees and top management or between employees in different departments, then the working place is freed of unnecessary tension creating a good and productive working place in the organization. As a result, the top management decisions will always consider the low level e mployees and consequently there will be motivation and loyalty of all employees in the organization. This means that everyone will work hard towards the achievement of organizational goals and objectives. Influence of Organizational culture on Decision Making Organizational culture may give a manager more room for authoritative style of leadership. A culture that only allows the top management to make decisions will give room for authoritative leadership. This is because it is only the managers who make decisions and so the opinion of other low level employees may not be taken into consideration. The low level employees will have to obey the orders from top management without questioning. This may not be favorable at all. Organizational culture can also influence managers to be role models. In cultures where leaders walk their talk, managers always strive to maintain good conducts. They will reinforce the desired values by the way they act or behave (National Defense University, n.d .). Organizational culture can empower the manager to reward those who excel and punish those who disobey the set rules and regulations of an organization. When a certain culture gives criteria on the behaviors that should be awarded as well as behaviors that should be punished, it becomes an empowerment for the manager to take the right action in accordance with the criteria (National Defense University, n.d.). Conclusion Organizational culture has a big influence on managerial decisions as the culture determines the success of decisions made and their effectiveness. It is therefore important for managers who make everyday decision to understand the culture of an organization and see if the culture helps the organization to achieve its goal. The management should also create a better working environment to enable a good culture.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Effects of Organizational Culture on Managerial Decisions specifically for you fo r only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Connolly, C. (2008). Organizational Culture. Nei Associates. Retrieved from: http://neiassociates.org/ National Defense University. (n.d.). Strategic leadership and decision making: organizational culture. Air University. Retrieved from: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt4ch16.html#top Robbins, S. (2003). Organizational behavior: organizational culture. Slide Share. Retrieved from: https://www.slideshare.net/itsvineeth209/ch18-organizational-culture This research paper on Effects of Organizational Culture on Managerial Decisions was written and submitted by user Donte T. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Biography of Sarah GrimkÃ ©, Antislavery Feminist Sarah Moore GrimkÃ © (November 26, 1792Ã¢â¬âDecember 23, 1873) was the elder of two sisters working against slavery and for womens rights. Sarah and Angelina GrimkÃ © were also known for their first-hand knowledge of slavery as members of a South Carolina slaveholding family, and for their experience with being criticized as women for speaking publicly. Fast Fact: Sarah Moore GrimkÃ © Known For: Pre-Civil War abolitionist who also fought for womens rightsAlso Known As: Sarah Moore GrimkÃ ©Born: November 26, 1792 in Charleston, South CarolinaParents: Mary Smith Grimke, John Faucheraud GrimkeDied: December 23, 1873 in BostonPublished Works: Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern States (1836), Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of WomenÃ (1837). The pieces were first published in Massachusetts-based abolitionist publications The Spectator and The Liberator, and later as a book.Notable Quote: I ask no favors for my sex, I surrender not our claim to equality. All I ask of our brethren is that they will take their feet from off our necks, and permit us to stand upright on the ground which God has designed us to occupy. Early Life Sarah Moore GrimkÃ © was born in Charleston, South Carolina on November 26, 1792, as the sixth child of Mary Smith Grimke and John Faucheraud Grimke. Mary Smith Grimke was the daughter of a wealthy South Carolina family. John Grimke, an Oxford-educated judgeÃ who had been a captain in the Continental Army in the American Revolution, had been elected to South Carolinas House of Representatives.Ã In his service as a judge, he served as the chief justice for the state. The family lived during summers in Charleston and the rest of the year on their Beaufort plantation. The plantation had once grown rice, but with the invention of the cotton gin, the family turned to cotton as the main crop. The family owned many slaves who worked in the fields and in the house. Sarah, like all her siblings, had a nursemaid who was a slave and also had a companion, a slave her own age who was her special servant and playmate. Sarahs companion died when Sarah was 8, and she refused to have another one assigned to her. Sarah saw her older brother Thomas- six years her elder and the second-born of the siblings- as a role model who followed their father into law, politics, and social reform. Sarah argued politics and other topics with her brothers at home and studied from Thomas lessons. When Thomas went away to Yale Law School, Sarah gave up her dream of equal education. Another brother,Ã FrederickÃ GrimkÃ ©, also graduated from Yale University, and then moved to Ohio and became a judge there. Angelina GrimkÃ © The year after Thomas left, Sarahs sister Angelina was born. Angelina was the 14th child in the family; three had not survived infancy. Sarah, then 13, convinced her parents to permit her to be Angelinas godmother, and Sarah became like a second mother to her youngest sibling. Sarah, who taught Bible lessons at church, was caught and punished for teaching a maid to read- and the maid was whipped. After that experience, Sarah did not teach reading to any of the other slaves. Angelina, who was able to attend a girls school for daughters of the elite, was also horrified at the sight of whip marks on a slave boy she saw at school. Sarah was the one who comforted her sister after the experience. Northern Exposure When Sarah was 26, Judge GrimkÃ © traveled to Philadelphia and then to the Atlantic seashore to try to recover his health. Sarah accompanied him on this trip and cared for her father. When the attempt at a cure failed and he died, she stayed in Philadelphia for several more months. All told, she spent nearly a full year away from the South. This long exposure to Northern culture was a turning point for Sarah GrimkÃ ©. In Philadelphia on her own, Sarah encountered Quakers- members of the Society of Friends. She read books by the Quaker leader John Woolman and considered joining this group that opposed slavery and included women in leadership roles, but first she wanted to return home. Sarah returned to Charleston, and in less than a month she moved back to Philadelphia, intending it to be a permanent relocation. Her mother opposed her move. In Philadelphia, Sarah joined the Society of Friends and began to wear simple Quaker clothing. Sarah Grimke returned again in 1827 for a short visit to her family in Charleston. By this time, Angelina was in charge of caring for their mother and managing the household. Angelina decided to become a Quaker like Sarah, thinking she could convert others around Charleston. By 1829, Angelina had given up on converting others in the South to the anti-slavery cause, so she joined Sarah in Philadelphia. The sisters pursued their own education- and found that they did not have the support of their church or society. Sarah gave up her hope of becoming a clergy person and Angelina gave up her dream of studying at Catherine Beechers school. Antislavery Efforts Following these changes in their lives, Sarah and Angelina got involved with the abolitionist movement, which moved beyond the American Colonization Society. The sisters joined the American Anti-Slavery Society soon after its 1830 founding. They also became active in an organization working to boycott food produced with slave labor. On Aug. 30, 1835, Angelina wrote to abolitionist leader William Lloyd Garrison of her interest in the antislavery effort, including mention of what shed learned from her first-hand knowledge of slavery. Without her permission, Garrison published the letter, and Angelina found herself famous (and for some, infamous). The letter was widely reprinted. Their Quaker meeting was hesitant about supporting immediate emancipation, as the abolitionists did, and was also not supportive of women speaking out in public. So in 1836, the sisters moved to Rhode Island where Quakers were more accepting of their activism. That year, Angelina published her track, An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South, arguing for their support to end slavery through the force of persuasion. Sarah wrote An Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern States, in which she confronted and argued against the typical Biblical arguments used to justify slavery. Both publications argued against slavery on strong Christian grounds. Sarah followed that with An Address to Free Colored Americans. Speaking Tour The publication of those two works led to many invitations to speak. Sarah and Angelina toured for 23 weeks in 1837, using their own money and visiting 67 cities. Sarah was to speak to the Massachusetts Legislature on abolition; she became ill and Angelina spoke for her. Also that year, Angelina wrote her Appeal to the Women of the Nominally Free States, and the two sisters spoke before the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women. Womens Rights Congregational ministers in Massachusetts denounced the sisters for speaking before assemblies including males and for questioning mens interpretation of Scripture. The epistle from the ministers was published by Garrison in 1838. Inspired by the criticism of women speaking publicly which was directed against the sisters, Sarah came out for womens rights. She published Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women. In this work, Sarah Grimke advocated for both a continued domestic role for women and the ability to speak out about public issues. Angelina gave a speech in Philadelphia before a group that included women and men. A mob, angry about this violation of the cultural taboo of women speaking before such mixed groups, attacked the building, and the building was burned down the next day. Theodore Weld and Family Life In 1838, Angelina married Theodore Dwight Weld, another abolitionist and lecturer, before an interracial group of friends and acquaintances. Because Weld was not a Quaker, Angelina was voted out (expelled) of their Quaker meeting; Sarah was also voted out because she had attended the wedding. Sarah moved with Angelina and Theodore to a New Jersey farm and they focused on Angelinas three children, the first of whom was born in 1839, for some years. Other reformers, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton and her husband, stayed with them at times. The three supported themselves by taking in boarders and opening a boarding school. Later Years and Death After the Civil War, Sarah remained active in the womens rights movement. By 1868, Sarah, Angelina, and Theodore were all serving as officers of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. On March 7, 1870, the sisters deliberately flouted the suffrage laws by voting along with 42 others. Sarah remained active in the suffrage movement until her death in Boston in 1873. Legacy Sarah and her sister continued to write letters of support to other activists on womens and slavery issues for the rest of their lives. (Angelina died just a few years after her sister, on Oct. 26, 1879.) Sarah GrimkÃ ©s longest epistle, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women, had a profound effect on the womens rights movement because it is considered the first developed public argument for womens equality in the U.S. Generations of advocates would take up the mantle of womens rights in later years- from Susan B. Anthony to Betty Friedan, who were both considered pioneers in the fight for womens suffrage and feminism- but GrimkÃ © was the very first to give full throat, in public fashion, to the argument that women should have equal rights with men. Sources Ã¢â¬Å"Abolitionist Newspapers.Ã¢â¬ Ã Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery in America, Encyclopedia.com, 2019.Ã¢â¬Å"Grimke Sisters.Ã¢â¬ Ã National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.Ã¢â¬Å"Sarah Moore GrimkÃ ©.Ã¢â¬ Ã National Womens History Museum.Ã¯ » ¿Ã¢â¬Å"Sarah Moore Grimke Quote.Ã¢â¬ Ã AZquotes.com.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Compare and contrast two people you know well - Essay Example One is my friend Mr. Pete and the other is my friend and cousin Prof. Jilmatt. Mr. Pete is an ardent social worker who attributes his generous nature to his family and multicultural society in which he was born and brought up. He spent his childhood with his loving parents, and friends of different ethnic groups. His parents belonged to a middle class White family who were staunch supporters of Catholic faith. In addition to religious insight, they both had good background of college education which added to PeteÃ¢â¬â¢s social concern. He is not only little lenient to moral failures but also exceedingly formal; and always maintained the dignity of his family throughout his life. Though people used to criticize him for his obsessional behavior, his sense of responsibility and discipline has had a strong influence on my life. Pete valued friendship and always maintained good social contact. He is well aware of the problems of common people and has clear opinion on social issues. He is an excellent speaker who also takes part in political campaigns. Although he was born to catholic parents, he actively participated in social issues irrespective of their ethnic variance. However, the most unfortunate thing about him is that he is half blind who could never read anything since his childhood. However, people who are only very close to him could identify this deformity; and obviously his will power enabled him to manage this. All his social contacts have helped him to build up a successful business based on agricultural products and equipments. Prof. Jilmatt is an aberrant character who could speak and write more than seven languages fluently. He is famous (notorious?) for his vociferous nature and careless life style. Common people could hardly understand the real versatile. He is little consistent with his career as a professor and is often catapulted from